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Speak Hokkien Series 1066

Hokkiens were the earliest Chinese immigrants in Malaysia and Singapore.
They began to migrate to Melaka after the founding of the Sultanate in the early
fifteenth century. Being strategically located between China, India and the Southeast
Asian archipelago, Melaka was destined to become the hub of a flourishing
international trade and attracted Chinese merchants to its shore. These early traders
appeared to have come from Zhangzhou prefecture in the southern Fujian province,
China. They played such an important role in the international trade of the Sultanate
that their leader was appointed as one of the four Shabbanders by the Sultan
(Sandhu 1961: 5; Sandhu and Wheatley 1983: 96). It was a natural flow of events
that Zhangzhou Hokkiens should become the Chinese pioneers in Melaka, for the
Yue Gang (the Port of Moon) of Zhangzhou emerged as a main trading port in the
southeastern part of China in the period between 1465 and 1505, and Zhangzhou
traders were active in coastal China and the Southeast Asian region (陈自强/ Chen
Zhiqiang 1983: 1-7; 陈吴泉/ Chen Wuquan 1983: 200-204). The Chinese
community grew in size during the Portuguese rule of Melaka from 1511 to 1641. A
Portuguese navigator and explorer, de Eredia, who spent some time in Melaka in the
early seventeenth century, observed that a Chinese village was located in a suburb of
Upe, and the residents were the "Chincheows". The word "Chincheows" was
probably the Romanized Hokkien word of "Cheangchew" which is the equivalent of
the Mandarin pronunciation of "Zhangzhou" (de Eredia 1930: 19). During the early
Qing period (1644-1670), some among the southern Chinese who resisted the
Manchu conquest, and were unwilling to become Manchu subjects, left their
homeland and migrated to Southeast Asia, with a group arriving at Melaka to seek
refuge. The majority were from Xiamen (Amoy), Quanzhou and Zhangzhou. Their
arrival further boosted the number of Hokkiens among the ethnic Chinese in early
Melaka. The fact that the early Chinese Kapitans such as Zheng Fang Yang and Li
Wei Jing were of southern Hokkien origins testified to the Hokkiens' predominance
and overriding position in the early Chinese community here. 



THE ROLE OF HOKKIEN CHINESE
IN THE HISTORY OF
MALAYSIA AND SINGAPORE

YEN Ching-hwang

Hokkien Idioms You Can Use
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8 comments:

cecelia said...

luv ur lesson. PRECIOUS

gunther said...

Very Gud.

hokkien boy said...

Don't stop your lessons..........

Anonymous said...

ONLY U CARE ENOUGH. TQ

Anonymous said...

saya suka hokkien.

sue said...

Thrilled to hear my mother tongue. Thanks.

Anonymous said...

like lesson

tai tung said...

good effort